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Incheon Strategy

Introduction

Governments of the ESCAP region gathered in Incheon, Republic of Korea, from 29 October to 2 November 2012 to chart the course of the new Asian and Pacific Decade of Persons with Disabilities for the period 2013 to 2022. They were joined by representatives of civil society organizations, including organizations of and for persons with disabilities. Also in attendance were representatives of intergovernmental organizations, development cooperation agencies and the United Nations system.

The High-level Intergovernmental Meeting on the Final Review of the Implementation of the Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons, 2003–2012, was organized by ESCAP and hosted by the Government of the Republic of Korea. The Meeting marked the conclusion of the second Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons, 2003–2012, and launched the new Decade.

The Governments at the High-level Intergovernmental Meeting adopted the Ministerial Declaration on the Asian and Pacific Decade of Persons with Disabilities, 2013–2022, and the Incheon Strategy to “Make the Right Real” for Persons with Disabilities in Asia and the Pacific.

The Incheon Strategy provides the Asian and Pacific region, and the world, with the first set of regionally agreed disability-inclusive development goals.

Developed over more than two years of consultations with governments and civil society stockholders, the Incheon Strategy comprises 10 goals, 27 targets and 62 indicators.

The Incheon Strategy builds on the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the Biwako Millennium Framework for Action and Biwako Plus Five towards an Inclusive, Barrier-free and Rights-based Society for Persons with Disabilities in Asia and the Pacific.

The Incheon Strategy will enable the Asian and Pacific region to track progress towards improving the quality of life, and the fulfillment of the rights, of the region’s 650 million persons with disabilities, most of whom live in poverty. The ESCAP secretariat is mandated to report every three years until the end of the Decade in 2022, on progress in the implementation of the Ministerial Declaration and the Incheon Strategy.

Features

  • Aims to accelerate disability-inclusive development and CRPD ratification and implementation
  • Derived from 20 years of experience : Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons, 1993-2002 and 2003-2012
  • Time-bound and measurable Incheon goals and targets
  • Based on CRPD principles
  • Time-frame for achieving goals: Asian and Pacific Decade of Persons with Disabilities, 2013-2022
  • For a disability-inclusive Asia-Pacific, partnerships must be forged: Multi-sectoral, Multi-Stakeholder, Multi-level

Background

The development of the Incheon Strategy to “Make the Right Real” for persons with disabilities in Asia and the Pacific was derived from the experiences in the implementation of two consecutive Asian and Pacific Decades of Disabled Persons, 1993–2002 and 2003–2012, as well as the historic adoption by the General Assembly, in 2006, of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

The development of the Incheon Strategy benefited from the contributions of governments, organizations of and for persons with disabilities, and other key stockholders. It drew from the observations, feedback and insights obtained through the following regional consultations: the Expert Group Meeting-cum-Stakeholder Consultation to Review the Implementation of the Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons, 2003–2012: The Biwako Millennium Framework for Action (Bangkok, 23–25 June 2010); the Committee on Social Development, second session (Bangkok, 19–21 October 2010); the Regional Stakeholder Consultation for the High-level Intergovernmental Meeting on the Final Review of the Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons, 2003–2012 (Bangkok, 14–16 December 2011); and the Regional Preparatory Meeting for the High-level Intergovernmental Meeting on the Final Review of the Implementation of the Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons, 2003–2012 (Bangkok, 14–16 March 2012).

The responses of governments and organizations of and for persons with disabilities to the ESCAP Disability Survey 2011–2012 on the final review of the Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons, 2003–2012, provided a rich evidence base for developing the Incheon Strategy.

Key principles and policy direction

  • Respect for inherent dignity, individual autonomy, including the freedom to make one's choices, and independence of persons
  • Non-discrimination
  • Full and effective participation and inclusion in society
  • Respect for difference and acceptance of persons with disabilities as part of human diversity and humanity
  • Equality of opportunity
  • Accessibility
  • Equality between men and women
  • Respect for the evolving capacities of children with disabilities and respect for the right of children with disabilities to preserve their identities

Goals and Targets of the Incheon Strategy

Goal 1 Reduce poverty and enhance work and employment prospects
  • Target 1.A Eliminate extreme poverty among persons with disabilities
  • Target 1.B Increase work and employment for persons of working age with disabilities who can and want to work
  • Target 1.C Increase the participation of persons with disabilities in vocational training and other employment-support programmes funded by governments
Goal 2 Promote participation in political processes and in decision-making
  • Target 2.A Ensure that persons with disabilities are represented in government decision-making bodies
  • Target 2.B Provide reasonable accommodation to enhance the participation of persons with disabilities in the political process
Goal 3 Enhance access to the physical environment, public transportation, knowledge, information and communication
  • Target 3.A Increase the accessibility of the physical environment in the national capital that is open to the public
  • Target 3.B Enhance the accessibility and usability of public transportation
  • Target 3.C Enhance the accessibility and usability of information and communications services
  • Target 3.D Halve the proportion of persons with disabilities who need but do not have appropriate assistive devices or products
Goal 4 Strengthen social protection
  • Target 4.A Increase access to all health services, including rehabilitation, for all persons with disabilities
  • Target 4.B Increase coverage of persons with disabilities within social protection programmes
  • Target 4.C Enhance services and programmes, including for personal assistance and peer counselling, that support persons with disabilities, especially those with multiple, extensive and diverse disabilities, in living independently in the community
Goal 5 Expand early intervention and education of children with disabilities
  • Target 5.A Enhance measures for early detection of, and intervention for, children with disabilities from birth to pre-school age
  • Target 5.B Halve the gap between children with disabilities and children without disabilities in enrolment rates for primary and secondary education
Goal 6 Ensure gender equality and women’s empowerment
  • Target 6.A Enable girls and women with disabilities to have equitable access to mainstream development opportunities
  • Target 6.B Ensure representation of women with disabilities in government decision-making bodies
  • Target 6.C Ensure that all girls and women with disabilities have access to sexual and reproductive health services on an equitable basis with girls and women without disabilities .
  • Target 6.D Increase measures to protect girls and women with disabilities from all forms of violence and abuse
Goal 7 Ensure disability-inclusive disaster risk reduction and management
  • Target 7.A Strengthen disability-inclusive disaster risk reduction planning
  • Target 7.B Strengthen implementation of measures on providing timely and appropriate support to persons with disabilities in responding to disasters
Goal 8 Improve the reliability and comparability of disability data
  • Target 8.A Produce and disseminate reliable and internationally comparable disability statistics in formats that are accessible by persons with disabilities
  • Target 8.B Establish reliable disability statistics by the midpoint of the Decade, 2017, as the source for tracking progress towards the achievement of the goals and targets in the Incheon Strategy
Goal 9 Accelerate the ratification and implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the harmonization of national legislation with the Convention
  • Target 9.A By the midpoint of the Decade (2017), 10 more Asia-Pacific Governments will have ratified or acceded to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and by the end of the Decade (2022) another 10 Asia-Pacific Governments will have ratified or acceded to the Convention
  • Target 9.B Enact national laws which include anti-discrimination provisions, technical standards and other measures to uphold and protect the rights of persons with disabilities and amend or nullify national laws that directly or indirectly discriminate against persons with disabilities, with a view to harmonizing national legislation with the Convention
Goal 10 Advance subregional, regional and interregional cooperation
  • Target 10.A Contribute to the Asia-Pacific Multi-donor Trust Fund managed by ESCAP as well as initiatives and programmes to support the implementation of the Ministerial Declaration on the Asian and Pacific Decade of Persons with Disabilities, 2013–2022, and the Incheon Strategy
  • Target 10.B Development cooperation agencies in the Asia-Pacific region strengthen the disability-inclusiveness of their policies and programmes
  • Target 10.C United Nations regional commissions strengthen interregional exchange of experiences and good practices concerning disability issues and the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

"Make the Right Real(MRR)" Fund

Governments of the ESCAP region gathered in Incheon, Republic of Korea, from 29 October to 2 November 2012 to chart the course of the new Asian and Pacific Decade of Persons with Disabilities for the period 2013 to 2022. The governments at the High-level Intergovernmental Meeting adopted the Ministerial Declaration on the Asian and Pacific Decade of Persons with Disabilities, 2013–2022, and the Incheon Strategy to “Make the Right Real” for Persons with Disabilities in Asia and the Pacific. Therefore, the Korean government initiated the "Make the Right Real(MRR)" fund and designated KODDI as the secretariat of the MRR fund. KODDI, through cooperation with ESCAP, agreed to promote programs that strengthen regional cooperation by finding the needs of development cooperation for disability in Asia and the Pacific, and by creating detailed, measurable and viable goals. To effectively implement the Incheon Strategy, KODDI aims to improve accessibility in Asia and the Pacific, support various meetings for the successful implementation of the Incheon Strategy, strengthen the capacity of persons with disabilities in Asia and the Pacific, and effectively initiate development projects for persons with disabilities in developing countries.

ESCAP Members and Associate Members

Members

  • Afghanistan
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bangladesh
  • Bhutan
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Cambodia
  • China
  • Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
  • Fiji
  • France
  • Georgia
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Japan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kiribati
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Lao People’s Democratic Republic
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Marshall Islands
  • Micronesia (Federated States of)
  • Mongolia
  • Myanmar
  • Nauru
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Philippines
  • Republic of Korea
  • Russian Federation
  • Samoa
  • Singapore
  • Solomon Islands
  • Sri Lanka
  • Tajikistan
  • Thailand
  • Timor-Leste
  • Tonga
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Tuvalu
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • United States of America
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Viet Nam

Associate Members

  • American Samoa
  • Cook Islands
  • French Polynesia
  • Guam
  • Hong Kong, China
  • Macao, China
  • New Caledonia
  • Niue
  • Northern Mariana Islands